Hybrid vehicles in the simplest of terms are those vehicles that use two different energy sources to help maximise efficiency and usually means combining electrical energy stored in the batteries, with the combustion energy of petrol or diesel fuel. In the hybrid range, you can opt for plug-in, self-charging or full and mild hybrids.
Mild and self-charging hybrid electric vehicles are often thought to be the same thing as they don't need to be plugged in, but that is not the case. Mild hybrids are one of the least electrified types of hybrids on the market and their small electric motor is attached directly to the engine or transmission. This then works to provide a small boost for the engine under acceleration, with the aim of improving fuel economy and reducing emissions. However, in a full hybrid, you are capable of travelling short distances on electric power only.
Mild hybrid cars are very similar to self-charging hybrids but have a much smaller battery. This means the vehicle can't drive on battery power alone, and the battery helps the petrol or diesel engine perform more economically. The systems will work in a slightly different way depending on the manufacturer, but in general they tend to use the power from the generator to assist the engine under hard acceleration and help it restart more seamlessly after it is switched off.
A full or self-charging vehicle is powered by the electric motor, in conjunction with the internal combustion engine. Electric-only power is available for short distances due to the battery pack being smaller when compared with a plug-in hybrid. You simply fuel and go like any other vehicle, with the hybrid system cutting in and out automatically as required reducing fuel consumption where possible, and offering more power when required. As you slow down, the normal combustion engine will cut out and you'll be running on electric power only to help save fuel.
If you’re thinking of opting for a hybrid, here are a few of the benefits:
Thinking of making the switch to a mild hybrid? Check out the range of mild and self-charging hybrid’s available at our Donnelly Group showrooms across Northern Ireland! We also have a range of used hybrids available, as well as a full battery-electric and plug-in hybrid vehicle range!